Last Updated on June 4, 2020 by Nancy Carteron, MD, FACR
STD Symptoms – HPV – High-Risk Types
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the name of a group of viruses that infect the skin.
There are more than 100 different types of HPV.
Certain types of HPV cause warts on the hands or feet, and other types can cause warts on the genitals – these are called low-risk types of HPV. Other types of genital HPV are linked to abnormal cell changes on the cervix (detected through Pap tests) that can lead to cervical cancer – these are called high-risk types of HPV.
When a female gets a Pap test, she is being screened to make sure that there are no abnormal or precancerous changes in the cells on her cervix. If the Pap test results show these cell changes, this is usually called cervical dysplasia. Other common terms the healthcare provider may use include:
- Abnormal cell changes
- Precancerous cells changes
- CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia)
- SIL (squamous intraepithelial lesions)
- ‘Warts’ on the cervix
All of these terms mean similar things – it simply means that abnormalities were found.
Most of the time, these cell changes are due to HPV.
There are many types of HPV that can cause cervical dysplasia. Most of these types are considered high-risk types, which means that they have been linked with cervical cancer.
Generally, there aren’t any noticeable HPV symptoms for high-risk types of HPV in women or men.
Most people feel fine even when they have cell changes caused by HPV.
Less frequently, patients with cervical dysplasia experience:
- Unusual or heavy bleeding from the vagina
- Bleeding between periods
- Pain in the lower back and during intercourse
Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by two specific varieties of genital HPV (16 & 18).
These two HPV strains usually don’t cause warts, so, women often don’t realize they’ve been infected.
When HPV results in cervical cancer, early stages typically cause no signs or symptoms as well. That’s why it’s important for women to have regular Pap tests, which can detect precancerous changes in the cervix that may lead to cancer.
See below for symptoms of HPV strains related to Genital Warts!
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Did this help you identify your STD Symptoms? Do you still have questions about your STD symptoms or would you like to share how your symptoms were similar/different? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!