Last Updated on June 4, 2020 by Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT
How do you get NGU/How can you get Nongonococcal Urethritis? Nongonococcal Urethritis Causes:
Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) is a bacterial infection of the urethra in men (and more rarely, in women), usually caused by another sexually transmitted infection (STI), most often Chlamydia.
NGU is usually caused by another STI that was transmitted via oral, vaginal, or anal sex, but can also be caused nonsexually and perinatally.
- Urinary tract infections
- An inflamed prostate gland due to bacteria (bacterial prostatitis)
- A narrowing or closing of the tube in the penis (urethral stricture)
- A tightening of the foreskin so that it cannot be pulled back from the head of the penis (phimosa)
- The result of a process such as inserting a tube into the penis (catheterization)
During birth, infants maybe exposed to the germs causing Nongonococcal Urethritis in passage through the birth canal. This may cause the baby to have infections in the:
- Eyes (conjunctivitis)
- Lungs (pneumonia)
How to tell if you have NGU? Nongonococcal Urethritis Symptoms:
Nongonococcal urethritis usually does not present obvious symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may include:
- Genital discharges
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Genital soreness
Those with nongonococcal urethritis of the throat may experience a sore throat.
How to know if you have Nongonococcal Urethritis? NGU Tests:
A doctor can diagnose nongonococcal urethritis through visible urethral inflammation (swelling) in men, a urethral swab or oral swab, and a Pap smear for women.
Relief spells (Rolaids?!) NGU Treatment:
Nongonococcal urethritis is treated by antibiotics.
What’s going to happen to me?!!?! NGU Expectations:
With the correct diagnosis and treatment, nongonococcal urethritis usually clears up without any complications.
However, NGU can lead to permanent damage to the urethra (scar tissue called urethral stricture) and other urinary organs in both men and women.
Things to be aware of… NGU Complications:
Left untreated, nongonococcal urethritis in men can lead to:
- Epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis, the elongated, cordlike structure along the posterior border of the testes) which can lead to infertility if left untreated.
- Reiter’s syndrome (arthritis)
- Skin lesions
Nongonococcal urethritis in women can lead to:
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which can result in ectopic (tubal) pregnancy
- Recurrent PID may lead to infertility
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Mucopurulent cervicitis (MPC)
- Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
In men or women:
- Infections caused by anal sex might lead to severe proctitis (inflamed rectum).
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Did this information help you or was this consistent with your experience? Are we missing something pertinent you think should be included in this in-depth description? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!